Original Article

Relationship between upregulation of CD40 system and restenosis in patients after percutaneous coronary intervention

Jin-chuan Yan, Shu Ding, Yi Liang, Gen-shan Ma, Jian Zhu, Yi Feng, Dan Luo


Aim: To investigate whether the increasing CD40-CD40 ligand system is related to restenosis in patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: Twenty normal controls and 120 patients with PCI were investigated. The expression of CD40 and the CD40 ligand (CD40L) on platelets was analyzed by indirect-immunofluorescence flow cytometry. The serum level of soluble CD40L (sCD40L) and C-reactive protein (CRP) was determined by commercially available enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Restenosis was observed in 120 patients within a 6 month follow-up period after PCI surgery. Results: Restenosis occurred in 29 patients (24.2%). Patients who developed restenosis showed higher levels of CD40-CD40L system compared with non-restenotic patients before PCI. All restenotic patients showed a significant increase in CD40 [66.9 4.8, mean fluorescence intensity (MFI)] and CD40L (14.9 1.8, MFI) co-expression on platelets as well as sCD40L (13.7 1.7 ng/mL) compared with non-restenotic patients and controls during the 6 month follow-up period (P<0.01). Elevated sCD40L and CD40L were significantly correlated with the serum level of CRP after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and with lumen loss during the 6 month follow-up period. Conclusion: The level of CD40L was associated with late restenosis after PCI indicating that restenosis is an inflammatory disorder.