Original Article

Expression of PDCD5, a novel apoptosis related protein, in human osteoarthritic cartilage

Authors: Ai-xin CHENG, Si-quan LOU, Hao-wei ZHOU, Ying WANG, Da-long MA

Abstract

AIM:
To investigate the expression features of PDCD5 (programmed cell death 5 protein) in osteoarthritic and normal human cartilage, and speculate on its potential functions in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA).
METHODS:
Articular cartilage specimens were obtained from 30 patients with OA and 16 healthy patients at the time of arthroplasty. Expression of PDCD5 was detected by flow cytometry, immunofluorescence, RT-PCR and immunohistochemical analysis.
RESULTS:
Enhanced expression and nuclear accumulation of PDCD5 in OA chondrocytes were found. PDCD5-positive chondrocytes were mainly distributed in the superficial and deep zones of OA tissue sections, as opposed to, in the superficial and middle regions of normal healthy tissue sections.
CONCLUSION:
Since apoptotic chondrocyte death occurs more frequently in OA cartilage than in normal healthy cartilage and PDCD5 is an apoptosis-related protein, the different expression patterns of PDCD5 in OA cartilage from that in normal healthy cartilage indicate that PDCD5 is involved in the pathogenesis of OA.
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