Effect of dose of metoprolol on its elimination by isolated perfused rat liver in vitro.
The effects of dose of metoprolol (Met) on hepatic elimination was studied in isolated rat liver perfused at a flow of 25 ml.min-1. The results showed that Met was eliminated by rat liver in accordance with one-compartment model. Linear kinetic eliminating processes (apparent first-order kinetics) were found in doses of Met 0.2, 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mg, T1/2 were 8.3, 8.8, 9.6, and 10.6 min and the clearance rate were 11.7, 11.8, 9.6, and 8.6 ml.min-1, respectively. Nonlinear eliminating processes were found in doses of Met 4, 8, and 12 mg. Vm and Km were 0.98, 1.05, and 0.94 microgram/min-1.ml-1 and 15.6, 16.9, and 14.6 micrograms.ml-1, respectively. It is concluded that hepatic Met elimination is independent on lower doses, but rested upon high doses.Keywords: