Original Article

General gambogic acids inhibited growth of human hepatoma SMMC-7721 cells in vitro and in nude mice

Authors: Qing-long GUO, Qi-dong YOU, Zhao-qiu WU, Sheng-tao YUAN, Li ZHAO


To study the inhibitory effect of general gambogic acids (GGA) on transplantation tumor SMMC-7721 in experimental animal model and SMMC-7721 cells in vitro.
Anti-tumor activity of GGA in the experimental transplantation tumor SMMC-7721 was evaluated by relative tumor growth ratio. Cell morphology was observed with inverted microscope and electron microscope. Cell proliferation was measured by MTT assay and the telomerase activity was determined by PCR.
In vivo study indicated that GGA (2, 4, and 8 mg/kg, iv, 3 times per week for 3 weeks) displayed an inhibitory effect on the growth of transplantation tumor SMMC-7721 in nude mice compared with the normal saline group (P<0.01). At the concentrations of 0.625-5.0 mg/L, GGA remarkably inhibited the proliferation of SMMC-7721 cells in vitro. GGA 2 mg/L dramatically changed morphology of SMMC-7721 cells and inhibited the telomerase activity in SMMC-7721 cells.
GGA had inhibitory effect on the growth of SMMC-7721, which might be related to its inhibition of telomerase activity.

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