Original Article

Tolerability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of CMAB001, an anti-CD11a antibody, in Chinese healthy volunteers and psoriatic patients

Authors: Xian-ping Li, Jing Li, Heng Yan, Bo Zhou, Bo-hua Li, Wei-zhu Qian, Sheng Hou, Hao Wang, Fei Hao, Ya-jun Guo
DOI: 10.1038/aps.2012.65

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD) and primary tolerability of an anti-CD11a monoclonal antibody (CMAB001) in Chinese healthy volunteers and psoriatic patients.
Methods: Two open-label studies were conducted. One was a parallel-group, single-center, dose-escalation test, including 24 healthy adult volunteers from 18 to 45 years in age. All subjects randomly received a single subcutaneous injection dose of 0.5, 1.0 or 2.0 mg/kg. The other was a multiple-dose study: 10 adult psoriatic patients were administered weekly subcutaneous injections of 1.0 mg/kg for 7 weeks.
Results: CMAB001 was well tolerated in the single- and multiple-dose studies. Slow absorption was observed in both studies. In the single-dose study, the concentration of CMAB001 reached its highest level 2 d later after the injection, and the Cmax increased in an approximate dose-proportionate manner, while the area under curve (AUC) showed much greater than dose-proportionate increase. In the multiple-dose study, the steady-state serum concentration level was attained following the 4th injection.
Conclusion: CMAB001 exhibited a nonlinear pharmacokinetic profile over the dose range from 0.5 to 2.0 mg/kg, and was well tolerated in healthy volunteers and psoriatic patients.
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