Original Article

Contractile responses of diabetic rat aorta to phenylephrine at different stages of diabetic duration

Bang-Hao Zhu, Yong-Yuan Guan, Jun Min, Hua He


Aim: To investigate the time-dependent changes in contractile responses of aorta to phenylephrine (Phe) in diabetic rats and age-matched control, and its possible mechanism.
Methods: At stages of 2-, 6-, and 12-week diabetic duration, aortic rings were studied for contractile responses to agonists in vitro.
Results: At the stage of 2-week diabetic duration, contractile responses to lower concentrations of phenylephrine were increased (P < 0.05), but the maximal contraction of phenylephrine did not change. At the stage of 6-week diabetic duration, contractile responses to phenylephrine were increased (P < 0.01) at each concentration, and the maximal contraction was increased by approximately 40 %. However, at the stage of 12-week diabetic duration: 1) the maximal contractile response to Phe 10 micromol . L-1 was decreased (P < 0.05), 2) in Ca2+ free edetic acid medium, Phe 10 micromol . L-1-induced transient contraction was also decreased (P < 0.05), 3) in Ca2+ free edetic acid medium, in the presence of nifedipine 10 micromol . L-1 and Phe 10 micromol . L-1, the Ca2+ repletion-caused contraction was not different from control, 4) in normal medium, cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) 10 micromol . L-1-induced contraction was decreased (P < 0.01).
Conclusion: The results suggested that contractile responses to phenylephrine in diabetic rat aorta changed with the development of diabetes, and the changes of functional Ca2+ store sizes and Ca2+ entry mainly through voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels were responsible for the alterations of contractile responses to phenylephrine in diabetes.

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