Original Article

Transfer and distribution of amoxicillin in the rat gastric mucosa and gastric juice and the effects of rabeprazole

Authors: Hai-lun Zheng, Yong-mei Hu, Jun-jun Bao, Jian-ming Xu
DOI: 10.1038/aps.2009.191

Abstract

Aim: To investigate the distribution of amoxicillin in the gastric juice and gastric mucosa of rats and to investigate the effects of proton pump inhibitor rabeprazole on amoxicillin concentrations in various compartments.
Methods: One hundred and sixty anesthetized rats were divided into five groups, and given intravenously different doses of amoxicillin or amoxicillin and rabeprazole. The pH value and volume of gastric juice was aspirated were measured and separated gastric mucosa was homogenized. The concentrations of amoxicillin in the plasma, gastric juice and gastric mucosa were measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).
Results: The maximum concentrations of amoxicillin in gastric juice and gastric mucosa were significantly lower than those in plasma (P<0.001). Concentrations in the glandular stomach mucosa were higher than those in the forestomach mucosa. Rabeprazole did not significantly change the pharmacokinetic parameters of amoxicillin in the plasma and did not alter gastric antibiotic clearance or the gastric transfer fraction of amoxicillin in gastric juice. However, rabeprazole did increase the amoxicillin concentration and pH value in gastric juice and reduced the volume of the gastric juice.
Conclusion: Amoxicillin could penetrate the gastric mucosa and achieve therapeutic concentrations at the target site after transfer from the blood to the stomach. Rabeprazole increased the amoxicillin concentration in gastric juice by decreasing the gastric juice volume but did not affect its concentration in blood or gastric mucosa.
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