Original Article

Immunotherapy of tumors with recombinant adenovirus encoding macrophage inflammatory protein 3β induces tumor-specific immune response in immunocompetent tumor-bearing mice

Jian-mei Hou, Xia Zhao, Ling Tian, Gang Li, Ru Zhang, Bing Yao, Hong-xin Deng, Jin-liang Yang, Yu-quan Wei
DOI: 10.1038/aps.2009.4



Tumor immunotherapy aims at activating the body's own immune system to fight an existing tumor. Effective antitumor responses require tumor antigens to be presented to lymphocytes. We aimed to test the hypothesis that intratumoral administration of recombinant adenovirus encoding MIP3β would induce antitumor immunity by attracting and facilitating the interaction between lymphocytes and dendritic cells.

A recombinant adenovirus encoding microphage inflammatory protein 3β (AdMIP3β) was constructed. The antitumor activity of AdMIP3β in BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice bearing CT26 colon adenocarcinoma and Lewis lung cancer was evaluated.
Results: Immunotherapy with AdMIP3β resulted in significant inhibition of tumor growth and prolonged survival of tumor-bearing mice. Tumor-specific immune responses elicited by AdMIP3β include MHC class I-dependent CD8+ CTL-mediated immune response and IFN-γ response. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated numerous CD11c+ cells and CD3+ T lymphocytes within tumor tissues of AdMIP3β-treated mice. These findings suggest that the mechanism of specific antitumor immunity induced by AdMIP3β may be involved in the chemoattraction of both T lymphocytes and DCs to the tumor site and thus facilitate the process of antigen capture and mature DC to prime naive T cells.
Conclusion: The present study may be important in the exploration of the potential application of AdMIP3β in the treatment of a broad spectrum of tumors.

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