Original Article

Over-expression of Gadd45a enhances radiotherapy efficacy in human Tca8113 cell line

Authors: Xiao-ying Zhang, Xun Qu, Cheng-qin Wang, Cheng-jun Zhou, Gui-xiang Liu, Feng-cai Wei, Shan-zhen Sun
DOI: 10.1038/aps.2010.208

Abstract

Aim: To investigate the effect of the growth arrest- and DNA damage-inducible Gadd45a gene on the radiosensitivity of human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cell line to ionizing radiation (IR).
Methods: Short interfering ribonucleic acid (si-RNA) targeting Gadd45a or an irrelevant mRNA (nonsense si-RNA) was chemically synthesized. The constructed si-RNAs were transfected into Tca8113 cells and Gadd45a expression was determined using quantitative real-time PCR and Western-blot. After 24-h exposure to IR at a dose rate of 4 Gy/min, apoptosis of Tca8113 cells was detected using flow cytometry, and radiosensitivity was measured using MTT assays.
Results: IR apparently increased the expression of Gadd45a at mRNA and protein levels in Tca8113 cells. The effect was efficiently inhibited by transfection with Gadd45a si-RNA (P<0.01). Furthermore, silencing Gadd45a gene significantly increased cell viability and decreased the percentage of apoptotic cells during irradiation, which indicated that IR-induced Gadd45a over-expression could increase the radiosensitivity of Tca8113 cells.
Conclusion: These results indicated that targeting Gadd45a may have important therapeutic implications in sensitizing Tca8113 cells to IR.
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