Original Article

Isoproterenol-induced FKBP12.6/12 downregulation is modulated by ETA and ETB receptors and reversed by argirhein, a derivative of rhein

Authors: Guo-lin Zhang, De-zai Dai, Tao Xi, Xiao-dong Cong, Yun Zhang, Yin Dai
DOI: 10.1038/aps.2010.177

Abstract

Aim: To investigate which endothelin receptors mediated isoproterenol (ISO)-induced downregulation of FKBP12.6/12 in cardiomyocytes and study whether argirhein, a novel compound containing rhein and L-arginine that has anti-inflammatory activity, could reverse the downregulation of FKBP12.6/12 induced by ISO.
Methods: Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were incubated with ISO to downregulate FKBP12.6/12. Then the cells were treated with a selective ETA blocker (PD156707) and a ETB blocker (IRL1038), a dual ETA/ETB antagonist (CPU0213), and argirhein, respectively. FKBP12.6/12 expression was assayed by RT-PCR, Western blot, and immunocytochemistry.
Results: The expression of FKBP12.6 mRNA was reduced by 37.7% (P<0.01) and 28.9% (P<0.05) relative to the control by ISO 1 and 0.1 μmol/L, respectively, but no response to ISO 0.01 μmol/L was observed in vitro. FKBP12.6/12 protein expression was reduced by 47.2% (P<0.01) and 37.8% (P<0.05) by ISO 1 and 0.1 μmol/L, respectively. This decrease was reversed significantly by PD156707, or IRL1038, and CPU0213. CPU0213 was more potent than either PD156707 or IRL-1038. Argirhein 10 μmol/L blunted the downregulation of FKBP12.6/12 by ISO, as demonstrated by the rising mRNA and protein levels and by the fluorescent density of the ISO-incubated cardiomyocytes.
Conclusion: In cardiomyocytes, the ISO induced downregulation of FKBP12.6/12 is modulated by both ETA and ETB. A new compound, argirein, reversed the down-regulation of FKBP12.6/12 expression in myocardial cells stimulated with ISO.
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