Original Article

Kynurenic acid attenuates multiorgan dysfunction in rats after heatstroke

Authors: Yi-chang Hsieh, Ruei-feng Chen, Yi-shian Yeh, Mao-tsun Lin, Jui-hsiang Hsieh, Sheng-hsien Chen
DOI: 10.1038/aps.2010.191

Abstract

Aim: To assess whether systemic delivery of kynurenic acid improves the outcomes of heatstroke in rats.
Methods: Anesthetized rats were divided into 2 major groups and given vehicle solution (isotonic saline 0.3 mL/kg rat weight) or kynurenic acid (30–100 mg in 0.3 mL saline/kg) 4 h before the start of thermal experiments. They were exposed to an ambient temperature of 43 °C for 68 min to induce heatstroke. Another group of rats were exposed to room temperature (26 °C) and used as normothermic controls. Their core temperatures, mean arterial pressures, serum levels of systemic inflammatory response molecules, hypothalamic values of apoptotic cells and neuronal damage scores, and spleen, liver, kidney and lung values of apoptotic cells were determined.
Results: The survival time values during heatstroke for vehicle-treated rats were decreased from the control values of 475–485 min to new values of 83–95 min. Treatment with KYNA (30–100 mg/kg, iv) 4 h before the start of heat stress significantly and dose-dependently decreased the survival time to new values of 152–356 min (P<0.05). Vehicle-treated heatstroke rats displayed hypotension, hypothalamic neuronal degeneration and apoptosis, increased serum levels of tunor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and interleukin-10 (IL-10), and spleen, liver, kidney, and lung apoptosis. KYNA preconditioning protected against hypotension but not hyperthermia and attenuated hypothalamic neuronal degeneration and apoptosis during heatstroke. KYNA preconditioning attenuated spleen, kidney, liver, and lung apoptosis and up-regulated serum IL-10 levels but down-regulated serum TNF-α and ICAM-1 levels during heatstroke.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that systemic delivery of kynurenic acid may attenuate multiorgan dysfunction in rats after heatstroke.
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