Original Article

Enhanced NMDA receptor NR1 phosphorylation and neuronal activity in the arcuate nucleus of hypothalamus following peripheral inflammation

Authors: Jian-ming Peng, Long-sheng Xu, Qi Zhu, Shan Gong, Xian-min Yu, Shi-yu Guo, Gen-cheng Wu, Jin Tao, Xing-hong Jiang
DOI: 10.1038/aps.2010.190

Abstract

Aim: To investigate the role of glutamate and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in central sensitization following peripheral inflammation in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) of the mediobasal hypothalamus.
Methods: Mediobasal hypothalamic slices were prepared from rats undergoing peripheral inflammation, which was induced by a unilateral injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) into hind paw. Neuronal activation levels in the ARC were monitored by recording extracellular unit discharges. The NMDA receptor NR1 subunit (NR1) was measured using Western blot analysis.
Results: Enhanced NR1 phosphorylation was observed in the ARC of CFA-inflamed rats. Compared with the control rats, the firing rate of spontaneous discharges in ARC neurons of inflamed rats was significantly higher, and it was significantly reduced both by an NMDA receptor antagonist (MK-801, 300 μmol/L) and by a non-NMDA receptor antagonist (CNQX, 30 μmol/L). Application of exogenous glutamate (200 μmol/L) or NMDA (25 μmol/L) resulted in increased neuronal discharges for ARC neurons, which was enhanced to a greater extent in inflamed rats than in control rats.
Conclusion: Glutamate receptor activation in the hypothalamic ARC plays a crucial role in central sensitization associated with peripheral inflammation.
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