Original Article

Effect of betulinic acid on the regulation of Hiwi and cyclin B1 in human gastric adenocarcinoma AGS cells

Li-jing Yang, Yan Chen, Qi Ma, Jun Fang, Jing He, Yi-quan Cheng, Qiu-ling Wu
DOI: 10.1038/aps.2009.177


Aim: To investigate the effect of betulinic acid (BA) on the proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle of gastric adenocarcinoma cell AGS in vitro and elucidate the underlying mechanisms.
Methods: The effect of BA on the proliferation of AGS cells was measured by using 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Apoptosis was analyzed by using Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)/propidium iodide (PI) double-labeled flow cytometry (FCM) and Hoechst 33258 staining. The influence of BA on cell cycle of AGS cells was tested by PI staining. Both FCM and reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) technologies were applied to detect the expression of Hiwi and Cyclin B1.
Results: BA exhibited significant cell proliferation inhibition, as well as its potency of inducing apoptosis in AGS cells in vitro in a timeand dose-dependent manner. The IC50 value for 24 h was 18.25 μg/mL (95% confidence interval: 15.16 to 27.31 μg/mL). Cells treated with BA showed increased cell population in G2/M phase, with decreased S phase population. The expression of Hiwi and Cyclin B1 was down-regulated in BA-treated AGS cells in a dose-dependent manner.
Conclusion: BA exerted potent effect on growth inhibition, G2/M cell cycle arrest and induction of apoptosis in AGS cells in vitro, possibly associated with the down-regulation of Hiwi and its downstream target Cyclin B1 expression. The potent antitumor capacity of BA suggested that it could be a promising new experimental anticancer agent in human gastric adenocarcinoma treatment.

Article Options

Download Citation

Cited times in Scopus