Original Article

Resistin induces insulin resistance, but does not affect glucose output in rat-derived hepatocytes

Feng Liu, Tao Yang, Bin Wang, Min Zhang, Nan Gu, Jie Qiu, Hong-qi Fan, Chun-mei Zhang, Li Fei, Xiao-qing Pan, Mei Guo, Rong-hua Chen, Xi-rong Guo


Aim: The aim of the present study was to observe the effects of resistin on insulin sensitivity and glucose output in rat-derived hepatocytes.
Methods: The rat hepatoma cell line H4IIE was cultured and stimulated with resistin; supernant glucose and glycogen content were detected. The insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 and IRS-2, protein kinase B/Akt, glycogen synthase kinase-3b (GSK-3b), the suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS-3) protein content, as well as the phosphorylation status were assessed by Western blotting. Specific antisense oligodeoxynucleotides directed against SOCS-3 were used to knockdown SOCS-3.
Results: Resistin induced insulin resistance, but did not affect glucose output in rat hepatoma cell line H4IIE. Resistin attenuated multiple effects of insulin, including insulin-stimulated glycogen synthesis and phosphorylation of IRS, protein kinase B/Akt, as well as GSK-3b. Resistin treatment markedly induced the gene and protein expression of SOCS-3, a known inhibitor of insulin signaling. Furthermore, a specific antisense oligodeoxynucleotide directed against SOCS-3 treatment prevented resistin from antagonizing insulin action.
Conclusion: The major function of resistin on liver is to induce insulin resistance. SOCS-3 induction may contribute to the resistin-mediated inhibition of insulin signaling in H4IIE hepatocytes.