Original Article

Antagonistic effect of orphanin FQ on opioid analgesia in rat

Authors: Chong-Bin Zhu, Xiu-Lin Zhang, Shao-Fen Xu, Xiao-Ding Cao, Gen-Cheng Wu, Mo-Yi Li, Da-Fu Cui, Zheng-Wu Qi

Abstract

AIM: To study the effect of orphanin FQ (OFQ), a newly discovered heptadecapeptide, on nociception and opioid analgesia.
METHODS: The intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) and intrathecal (i.t.h.) injections were used to give the drugs. The tail-flick model of rats were used to test the pain threshold.
RESULTS: OFQ (i.c.v. or i.t.h.) 0.1 microgram had no effect on nociception but 0.5-10 micrograms induces hyper-reaction of rat to noxious electric stimulus; the decapeptide (OFQ1-10 i.c.v.), a fragment of the OFQ, did not affect the pain reaction of rats. Fentanyl (1 microgram, i.c.v. or i.t.h.), a selective mu-receptor agonist, DSLET (5 micrograms, i.c.v. or i.t.h.), a selective delta-receptor agonist, or U50488H (1 microgram, i.t.h.), a kappa-receptor agonist, induced an increase in pain threshold, when OFQ (0.1 or 1 microgram) was added together with one of them (except for the ith injection of DSLET), the increase of pain threshold was reduced obviously.
CONCLUSION: OFQ induces hyperalgesia and antagonizes opioid analgesia mediated by mu- and delta-receptors in the brain and by mu- and kappa- but not delta-receptors in the spinal cord of rats.
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