Original Article

Antifertility effects of mifepristone and epostane alone and in combination in rats

Authors: Chang-Guan Liu, Zhong-Ming Lin, Wei-Kang Li, Xiao-Yun Wu, Zhong-Xing Wang, Tao Xue, Rui-Ying Xu

Abstract

A complete interceptive action on pregnancy was shown after ig mifepristone (RU-486) 16 mg.kg-1 or epostane 96 mg.kg-1 on d 10 of pregnancy in rats. The ig ED50 (95% fiducial limits) of RU-486 when given alone and in combination with epostane 12 mg.kg-1 were found to be 7.8 (5.3-10.0) and 2.6 (2.0-3.3) mg.kg-1, respectively (P < 0.05), while those of epostane when given alone and in combination with RU-486 4 mg.kg-1 were 25.5 (19.4-33.6) and 5.6 (4.7-7.4) mg.kg-1, respectively (P < 0.05). An absorption promotor, sodium dodecyl sulfate 24 mg.kg-1 ig, when given in combination with RU-486 8 mg.kg-1 or epostane 24 mg.kg-1, induced complete interceptive action on pregnancy. Levels of plasma progesterone declined significantly when epostane 12 mg.kg-1 was given in combination with RU-486 4 mg.kg-1 as compared with epostane 12 mg.kg-1 alone (P <0.05). Results showed that drug combination therapy was of benefit both to RU-486 and epostane in their interceptive actions.
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