Original Articles

Effects of berbamine on ATP-induced [Ca2+]i mobilization in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells and cardiomyocytes.

Authors: Bai-yan Li, Guo-fen Qiao, Yan-ling Zhao, Hong Zhou, Wen-han Li

Abstract

AIM:
To study the effects of berbamine (Ber) on [Ca2+]i homeostasis induced by adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) of rabbits and cardiomyocytes of rats.
METHODS:
Both cell types were cultured and loaded with Fura 3-AM. [Ca2+]i was measured by fluorescent intensity (FI) in each cell with confocal microscopy.
RESULTS:
(1) ATP 30 mumol.L-1 elevated [Ca2+]i in VSMC and cardiomyocytes, FI values reached 660 +/- 258 and 1058 +/- 252 from 250 +/- 84 and 218 +/- 76 at 19 s +/- 5 s and 11.8 s +/- 2.4 s, but FI in nucleus was not changed in VSMC. (2) Ber 30 mumol.L-1 did not affect the resting FI in both cell types, but prolonged the time to peak (P < 0.01) and reduced the FI elevated by ATP (P < 0.01), but not completely inhibited even at 100 mumol.L-1. (3) In D-Hanks' solution or in the presence of egtazic acid (EGTA) 3 mmol.L-1, the inhibitory effect of Ber was not seen (P > 0.05). (4) All effects of Ber on ATP-induced [Ca2+]i mobilization were similar to those of Ver 10 mumol.L-1.
CONCLUSION:
In VSMC and cardiomyocytes, ATP-induced CA2+ influx was inhibited by Ber and Ver, while the Ca2+ release was not.
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