Original Article

Inhibition by agmatine on spontaneous activity of rabbit atrioventricular node cells

Authors: Xiao-Tao Li, Hui-Ru Duan, Rui-Rong He

Abstract

"AIM:
To study the effects of agmatine on spontaneous activity of atrioventricular (AV) node and its action mechanisms.
METHODS:
Action potentials in AV node cells were recorded using intracellular microelectrode technique.
RESULTS:
Agmatine not only reduced the amplitude of action potential (APA), maximal rate of depolarization (Vmax), velocity of diastolic (phase 4) depolarization (VDD), and rate of spontaneous firing (RSF), but also prolonged 90% duration of action potential (APD90) in a concentration-dependent manner. The effects of agmatine (10 mmol/L) could be blocked completely by pretreatment with idazoxan (0.1 mmol/L), an imidazoline receptor (IR) and alpha 2-adrenergic receptor (alpha 2-AR) antagonist. Pretreatment with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 0.5 mmol/L), a nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, did not affect the effects of agmatine on AV node cells. Elevation of Ca2+ concentration (5 mmol/L) in perfusate antagonized the effects of agmatine (10 mmol/L). Lemakalim (30 mumol/L), an ATP-sensitive potassium channel opener, inhibited the prolonging effects of agmatine on repolarization.
CONCLUSION:
The inhibitory effects of agmatine on spontaneous activity of AV node cells in rabbits were likely mediated by IR and/or alpha 2-AR, and were related to the reduction in calcium influx and potassium efflux."
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