Original Articles

Systemic anti-inflammation by synthetic interleukin-1 blockers

George C Y Chiou, Shirley X L Liu


To study the systemic anti-inflammatory actions of interleukin-1 (IL-1) blockers, OB-101 and OB-186.
Prevention of palm swelling induced by carrageenin injection was used as an animal model of systemic anti-inflammation efficacy.
Both OB-101 and OB-186 (10-30 mg.kg-1) were approximately 10-30-fold more potent than aspirin (300 mg.kg-1) to inhibit carrageenin-induced systemic inflammation. The LD50 of OB-101 and OB-186 were at least 20 g.kg-1 i.g., indicating that they were extremely safe agents with a therapeutic index (LD50/ED50) of at least 2000.
These IL-1 blockers are extremely safe systemically and are useable for the treatment of systemic inflammation such as rheumatoid arthritis.

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