Original Article

Killing effects of ganciclovir on human pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell A549 transduced with HSV1-TK gene in vitro and in vivo

Authors: Xiang-Liang He, Xian-Jian Guo, Gui-Sheng Qian, Xue-Hua He, Gui-Jun Huang, Wei-Zhong Chen, Shu-Ping Li

Abstract

Aim: To observe the killing effects of ganciclovir (GCV) on the human pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell A549 transduced with Herpes simplex virus I type thymine kinase (HSV1-TK) gene in vitro and in vivo.
Methods: A retroviral vector containing the TK gene was constructed and transduced into a pulmonary carcinoma cell A549 by electroporation, to observe the sensitivity of the transfected cell to GCV in vitro and the bystander effect (MTT assay). Tumor cell apoptosis caused by the TK/GCV system was observed with a flow cell meter (FCM) and a scan electronic microscope (SEM). Recombination and expression of the TK gene were examined with DNA PCR and in situ hybridization, respectively. The therapeutic effect of GCV on subcutaneous tumor growth between transfected and parental cells was also compared.
Results: The sensitivity of the transfected cell to GCV was 46 times higher than that of the parental cell, and the bystander effect was stronger in high cell density than in low cell density. The subG0G1 peak was shown on the DNA histogram after A549-Tk cell was treated with 50 micromol/L GCV for 3 days by FCM, but not in the A549 cell. A cell cycle analysis showed that the apoptotic cell in the A549-TK and A549 cells were (12.2+/-1.7) % and (1.3 +/- 0.3) %, respectively (P < 0.01). The cell apoptosis features of nuclear condensation, apoptotic vesicle, and nuclear showing semimoon feature were found in the A549-TK cell by SEM, but not in the A549 cell. Recombination and expression of the TK gene were positive in the transfected cell. In vivo, the growth of tumors formed by the transfected cell was apparently inhibited by GCV, but not in the control group.
Conclusion: The transfected cell obtained sensitivity to GCV and the bystander effect was closely related to intercellular touch. The TK/GCV system killing tumor cell was related to cell apoptosis. GCV inhibited the growth of tumors which were inoculated by A549-TK cell in vivo.
Keywords:

Article Options

Download Citation

Cited times in Scopus