Original Article

Effects of recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor on restenosis after arterial endothelial injury in rats

Authors: Lin Chang, Chao Zhang, Yong-Jie Wu, Ren-Zhi Zhu

Abstract

Aim: To study the preventive effect of recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor (rh-bFGF) on restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA).
Methods: Sixty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, intima injured group, and intima injured plus rh-bFGF treated group. Rat carotid arteries were injured using a balloon catheter except sham operation group. The rats of rh-bFGF treated group were injected im rh-bFGF 10 kU . kg-1 . d-1 after intima was injured. Ten rats in each group were killed on d 7 and d 14 after injury, respectively. [3H]Thymidine incorporation assay and pathological examination were carried out to each vessel.
Results: (1) Seven days after injury, the average intimal thickness in sham operation group, intima injured group, and rh-bFGF treated group was (7 +/- 1), (32 +/- 11), and (17 +/- 3) micron; average intimal area was (384 +/- 145), (1530 +/- 817), and (586 +/- 185) micron2; the numbers of smooth muscle cells in neointima per transect were 0 +/- 0, 146 +/- 18, and 105 +/- 26; the ratio of the collagen area to intimal area plus medial area were 0.29 +/- 0.09, 0.7 +/- 0.3, and 0.30 +/- 0.14; [3H]thymidine incorporation were (17 +/- 6), (62 +/- 23), (20 +/- 8) kBq/g tissue, respectively. (2) Fourteen days after injury, the average intimal thickness of sham operation group, intima injured group, and rh-bFGF treated group was (8 +/- 1), (41 +/- 9), and (20 +/- 3) micron; average intimal area was (391 +/- 134), (1761 +/- 337), and (731 +/- 124) micron2; the numbers of smooth muscle cells in neointima per transect were 0 +/- 0, 145 +/- 9, and 102 +/- 6; the ratio of collagen area to intimal area plus medial area were 0.28 +/- 0.14, 0.59 +/- 0.21, and 0.38 +/- 0.03; [3H]thymidine incorporation was (15 +/- 4), (57 +/- 11), and (22 +/- 6) kBq/g tissue, respectively.
Conclusion: Large dosage of rh-bFGF inhibits neointimal hyperplasia and reduces restenosis after balloon injury.
Keywords:

Article Options

Download Citation

Cited times in Scopus