Original Article

Effect of hemin in treating hemorrhagic anemia and toxicity

Kai-Shao You, Bin Wu, Zi-Qiang Huang, Cheng Zhang, Lin-Jin Pan, Guo-Tu Wu, Zi-Qing Zhao, Miao-Hui Huang


AIM: To study the effect of hemin in treating hemorrhagic anemia and toxicity.
METHODS: Fifty rats with hemorrhagic anemia were randomly divided into 5 groups with different dosage of hemin (93, 168, 300 mg.kg-1.d-1), ferrous gluconate (FG 300 mg.kg-1.d-1), and water, ig for 7 d. Twenty mice fed with hemin (6.0 g.kg-1.d-1) in 24 h for observing acute toxicity effects. Long-term toxicity were observed in 80 rats given hemin (0.65, 1.3, 2.6 g.kg-1.d-1) in 3 months.
RESULTS: Hb of the rats of corresponding groups were 66-->121, 71-->141, 66-->148, 69-->140, and 67-->112 g.L-1. There were no adverse effects observed on acute toxicity test. No abnormalitis were found in hemogram, liver renal function test, and autopsy.
CONCLUSION: Hemin had a better effect than FG and no adverse effect was found in hemin.

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