Original Article

Effect of ONO-1078, a leukotriene antagonist, on capsaicin- and substance P-induced bronchoconstriction and airway microvascular leakage in guinea pigs

Authors: Er-Qing Wei, Jun-Wei Liu, Li-Fen Zhang, Wei-Ping Zhang, Ru-Lian Bian

Abstract

AIM: To study the effect of 4-oxo-8-[p-(4-phenylbutyloxy) benzoylamino]-2-(tetrazol-5-yl)-4H-1-benzopyran hemihydrate (ONO-1078), a specific leukotriene antagonist, on capsaicin (Cap)-sensitive sensory nerve functions in the airways, and clarify the modulating roles of endogenous peptido-leukotrienes.
METHODS: Changes in intrapulmonary pressure (IPP), Evans blue extravasation in airways, and contraction of bronchial smooth muscles of guinea pigs induced by Cap, substance P (SP) and leukotriene C4 (LTC4) were observed.
RESULTS: Cap (0.05 mg.kg-1, i.v.), SP (1 microgram.kg-1, i.v.) and LTC4 (0.5 microgram.kg-1, i.v.) enhanced IPP, and Evans blue extravasation in bronchi and intrapulmonary airways. ONO-1078 0.03 mg.kg-1, i.v. completely blocked the responses to LTC4, attenuated those to Cap, but had no effect to SP. In isolated bronchial smooth muscles, ONO-1078 (1 mumol.L-1) inhibited the contractile response to Cap, but not to SP.
CONCLUSION: ONO-1078 partly inhibits Cap-sensitive sensory nerve actions in airways, but has no direct effect on SP, a sensory neuropeptide.
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