Original Article

Endogenous inhibitors of nitric oxide synthesis and lipid peroxidation in hyperlipidemic rabbits

Yan Xiong, Yuan-Jian Li, Xian-Jie Yu, Gui-Zhen Liu, Nian-Sheng Li


AIM: To examine whether the elevation of endogenous NG, NG-dimethylarginine (DMA) content is related to lipid peroxidation in the high lipid-fed rabbit.
METHODS: In high lipid diet-fed rabbits, concentrations of serum cholesterol, triglyceride, malondialdehyde (MDA), and DMA were measured, and endothelium-dependent relaxation to acetylcholine (ACh) was tested.
RESULTS: After 6-wk on a high lipid-diet, the levels of serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, MDA, and DMA were increased vs those in control group (MDA was 2.88 +/- s 0.20 vs 1.54 +/- 0.13 nmol.L-1, P < 0.01 and DMA was 1.51 +/- 0.07 vs 0.75 +/- 0.13 mumol.L-1, P < 0.01), while the endothelium-dependent vasodilation in the isolated thoracic aorta was impaired (the maximal response to ACh was 45.59 +/- 3.10 vs 76.93 +/- 5.68%). Supplementation with vitamin E decreased MDA and DMA content and improved the endothelium-dependent vasodilation.
CONCLUSIONS: An increase in serum concentration of DMA may be secondary to the elevation of lipid peroxides in the hyperlipidemic rabbit.

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