Original Articles

Cardiovascular responses to intracerebroventricular injection of GABA in renovascular hypertensive rats

Authors: An-yang Sun, De-xing Li

Abstract

Effects of central GABAergic stimulation on cardiovascular function were evaluated in 2-kidney, 1-clip (2K1C) renovascular hypertensive rats (RVHR). Intracerebroventricular injection (icv) of GABA (100 and 200 micrograms) reduced blood pressure (BP) to a greater degree in RVHR as compared with sham-operated controls, and the greatest response was seen in RVHR 4 wk after operation (4 wk-RVHR). In addition, a decreased sensitivity of baroreflex was observed in 4 wk-RVHR, and was improved by icv GABA. Pretreatment with icv captopril (200 micrograms) only reduced BP moderately in 4 wk-RVHR, but attenuated remarkably the depressor effect of GABA. On the contrary, pretreatment with ip captopril was less effective in attenuating the depressor effect of GABA. Our results indicated that RVHR was deficient in central GABAergic inhibition on BP control, for GABAergic stimulation reduced BP to a greater degree and improves the decreased sensitivity of baroreflex in RVHR; the depressor effect of GABA is mediated, at least in part, by inhibiting brain angiotensin system.
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