Original Articles

Influences of Polyactin A on activities of human monocytes in vitro

Qi-le Hu, Hong Wang, Yu-sheng Wang, Rong-xiu Chen, Wei-ming Shen, Ping Wang


Effects of Polyactin A (PAA) on abilities of human monocytes to synthesize and secrete interleukin-1 (IL-1) and to modulate natural killer (NK) cell activity in large granular lymphocytes (LGL) were investigated in vitro. Over a wide range of concentrations (0.01-100 micrograms.ml-1), PAA directly induced IL-1 synthesis and secretion, showing the maximal effect at 10 micrograms.ml-1, and evidently synergized with lipopolysaccharides (LPS) of E coli in stimulation of IL-1 production by human monocytes. The manifestation of PAA pretreated autologous monocytes in modulation of NK cell activity was closely related to PAA concentration. A boosting effect of PAA-treated monocytes on NK activity was observed when PAA 10-100 micrograms.ml-1 were used for pretreatment of monocytes, while an inhibitory influence of monocytes was found when PAA 0.01-0.1 microgram.ml-1 were used. These results demonstrate significant effects of PAA on functions of human monocytes, enhancing IL-1 production and affecting their regulative activity on NK cell cytotoxicity.

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