Original Article

Preclinical assessment of the distribution, metabolism, and excretion of S-propargyl-cysteine, a novel H2S donor, in Sprague-Dawley rats

Yuan-ting Zheng, Jian-hua Zhu, Guo Ma, Qing Zhu, Ping Yang, Bo Tan, Jin-lian Zhang, Hai-xing Shen, Jia-lin Xu, Yi-zhun Zhu, Wei-min Cai
DOI: 10.1038/aps.2012.15


Aim: To study the distribution, metabolism and excretion of S-propargyl-cysteine (SPRC), a novel hydrogen sulfide (H2S) donor, after oral administration in rats.
Methods: Adult Sprague-Dawley rats were used. The tissue distribution of [35S] SPRC-derived radioactivity was measured using a liquid scintillation counter. The plasma protein binding of SPRC was examined using 96-well equilibrium dialysis. The excretion of SPRC in urine, bile and feces was analyzed using the LC-MS/MS method. The major metabolites in rat biomatrices were identified using MRM information-dependent, acquisition-enhanced product ion (MRM-IDA-EPI) scans on API 4000QTrap system.
Results: After oral administration of [35S]-SPRC at a dose of 75 mg/kg, [35S] SPRC-derived radioactivity displayed broad biological distribution in various tissues of rats, including its target organs (heart and brain) with the highest in kidney. On the other hand, the binding of SPRC to human, rat and dog plasma protein was low. Only 2.18%±0.61% and 0.77%±0.61% of the total SPRC administered was excreted unchanged in the bile and urine. However, neither intact SPRC nor its metabolites were detected in rat feces. The major metabolic pathway in vivo (rat bile, urine, and plasma) was N-acetylation.
Conclusion: The preliminary results suggest that SPRC possesses acceptable pharmacokinetic properties in rats.

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