Original Article

18β-Glycyrrhetinic acid preferentially blocks late Na current generated by ΔKPQ Nav1.5 channels

Yi-mei Du, Cheng-kun Xia, Ning Zhao, Qian Dong, Ming Lei, Jia-hong Xia
DOI: 10.1038/aps.2012.22


Aim: To compare the effects of two stereoisomeric forms of glycyrrhetinic acid on different components of Na+ current, HERG and Kv1.5 channel currents.
Methods: Wild-type (WT) and long QT syndrome type 3 (LQT-3) mutant ΔKPQ Nav1.5 channels, as well as HERG and Kv1.5 channels were expressed in Xenopus oocytes. In addition, isolated human atrial myocytes were used. Two-microelectrode voltage-clamp technique was used to record the voltage-activated currents.
Results: Superfusion of 18β-glycyrrhetinic acid (18β-GA, 1–100 μmol/L) blocked both the peak current (INa,P) and late current (INa,L) generated by WT and ΔKPQ Nav1.5 channels in a concentration-dependent manner, while 18α-glycyrrhetinic acid (18α-GA) at the same concentrations had no effects. 18β-GA preferentially blocked INa,L (IC50=37.2±14.4 μmol/L) toINa,P (IC50=100.4±11.2 μmol/L) generated by ΔKPQ Nav1.5 channels. In human atrial myocytes, 18β-GA (30 μmol/L) inhibited 47% of INa,P and 87% of INa,L induced by Anemonia sulcata toxin (ATX-II, 30 nmol/L). Superfusion of 18β-GA (100 μmol/L) had no effects on HERG and Kv1.5 channel currents.
Conclusion: 18β-GA preferentially blocked the late Na current without affecting HERG and Kv1.5 channels.

Article Options

Download Citation

Cited times in Scopus