Original Article

Application of headspace solid phase microextraction for study of noncovalent interaction of borneol with human serum albumin

Authors: Liang Hu, Dong-ying Chen
DOI: 10.1038/aps.2009.148


Aim: To investigate noncovalent interactions between borneol and human serum albumin (HSA) under near-physiological conditions.
Methods: A 65-μm polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) fiber was selected for sampling. The extraction temperature was kept at 37 °C, and the extraction time was optimized at 10 min. Borneol solutions of different concentrations were equilibrated in 600 μmol/L HSA and 67 mmol/L phosphate buffer solution (pH 7.4, 37 °C) for 24 h prior to solid phase microextraction (SPME) using headspace mode. The binding properties were obtained based on the calculation of extracted borneol amount using gas chromatography (GC) determination.
Results: The headspace SPME extraction method avoided disturbance from the HSA binding matrix. The recovery showed good linearity for the borneol concentrations over the range of 0.4–16.3 μmol/L with a regression coefficient (R2) of 0.9998. The limit of detection and lower limit of quantitation were determined to be 0.01 μmol/L and 0.4 μmol/L, respectively. The binding constant and the percentage binding rate were estimated to be 2.4×103(mol/L)-1 and 59.5%, respectively.
Conclusion: Headspace SPME coupled to GC is a simple, sensitive and rapid method for the study of borneol binding to HSA. The method may be applied in the determination of other protein binding properties in human plasma.

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