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Identification of predominant GNPTAB gene mutations in Eastern Chinese patients with mucolipidosis II/III and a prenatal diagnosis of mucolipidosis II

	author = {Yu Wang and Jun Ye and Wen-juan Qiu and Lian-shu Han and Xiao-lan Gao and Li-li Liang and Xue-fan Gu and Hui-wen Zhang},
	title = {Identification of predominant  GNPTAB  gene mutations in Eastern Chinese patients with mucolipidosis II/III and a prenatal diagnosis of mucolipidosis II},
	journal = {Acta Pharmacologica Sinica},
	volume = {40},
	number = {2},
	year = {2019},
	keywords = {},
	abstract = {Mucolipidosis II α/β, mucolipidosis III α/β, and mucolipidosis III γ are autosomal recessive disorders belonging to the family of lysosomal storage disorders caused by deficiency of the UDP-N-acetylglucosamine, a lysosomal enzyme N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase (GlcNAc-phosphotransferase) localized in the Golgi apparatus, which is essential for normal processing and packaging of soluble lysosomal enzymes with initiating the first step of tagging lysosomal enzymes with mannose-6-phosphate (M6P). Mucolipidosis II and III are caused by mutations in the GNPTAB and GNPTG genes, and patients with these diseases are characterized by short stature, skeletal abnormalities, and developmental delay. In this study we report 38 patients with mucolipidosis II and III enrolled in Eastern China during the past 8 years. The diagnosis was made based on clinical characteristics and measurement of plasma lysosomal enzyme activity. Sanger sequencing of GNPTAB and/or GNPTG for all patients and real-time quantitative PCR were performed to confirm the diagnosis. In addition, 11 cases of prenatal mucolipidosis II were diagnosed based on measurement of the enzyme activity in amniotic fluid supernatant and genetic testing of cultured amniotic cells. Based on molecular genetic tests, 30 patients were diagnosed with mucolipidosis II α/β, 6 were diagnosed with III α/β and 2 were diagnosed with III γ. Thirty-seven different GNPTAB gene mutations were identified in 29 patients with mucolipidosis II α/β and six patients with III α/β. These mutations included 22 new mutations (p.W44X, p.E279X, p.W416X, p.W463X, p.Q802X, p.Q882X, p.A34P, p.R334P, p.D408N, p.D534N, p.Y997C, p.D1018V, p.L1025S, p.L1033P, c.88_89delAC, c.890_891insT, c.1150_1151insTTA, c.1523delG, c.2473_2474insA, c.2980_2983delGCCT, c.3094delA, and deletion of exon 9). Four new GNPTG gene mutations were identified (c.13delC, p.Y81X, p.G126R and c.609+1delG) in two mucolipidosis III γ patients. Among the 11 cases of prenatal diagnosis, four were mucolipidosis II fetuses, three were heterozygous, and the remaining four were normal fetuses. This study expands the mutation spectrum of the GNPTAB and GNPTG genes and contributes to specific knowledge of mucolipidosis II/III in a population from Eastern China.},
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