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Different network pharmacology mechanisms of Danshen-based Fangjis in the treatment of stable angina

	author = {Guo-xia ZHANG and Ying-ying ZHANG and Xiao-xu ZHANG and Peng-qian WANG and Jun LIU and Qiong LIU and Zhong WANG},
	title = {Different network pharmacology mechanisms of Danshen-based Fangjis in the treatment of stable angina},
	journal = {Acta Pharmacologica Sinica},
	volume = {39},
	number = {6},
	year = {2018},
	keywords = {},
	abstract = {Abstract
Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) preparations such as Danhong injection, Danshen injection, Salvianolate injection, compound Danshen injection and Sodium Tanshinone IIA Sulfonate (STS) injection are widely used in China to treat stable angina (angina pectoris) caused by coronary heart disease. In this study we compared the network pharmacological mechanisms of the 5 Danshen preparations. Following a literature search performed in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database, China Biology Medicine (CBM) database, China Conference Paper Database, Wanfang Database, VIP Database and Conference Proceedings Citation Index (through January 2015), 444 randomized controlled trial publications detailing the use of the 5 Danshen-based injections for treating stable angina were identified, and their combined data were analyzed using a network meta-analysis. All of the 5 Danshen-based preparations were effective in treating stable angina with clinical improvement rates of 72.4%–91.6% and electrocardiogram (ECG) improvement rates of 54.5%–71.6%. According to both clinical improvement and ECG improvement, the 5 Danshen-based preparations were ranked as follows: Danhong injection > Salvianolate injection > STS injection > compound Danshen injection > Danshen injection. There were no significant differences among the safety profiles of the 5 Danshen preparations. The meta-analysis results were further examined using a network pharmacology approach and functional enrichment analysis, which revealed that Danshen and Danhong injections affected 4 and 15 signaling pathways, respectively, and that the 4 signaling pathways affected by Danshen were a subset of those influenced by Danhong. Therefore, Danhong injection affected some unique signaling pathways that might regulate lipoprotein metabolism, oxidation, and inflammation, and protect vascular endothelia, reflecting the multi-component and multi-target characteristics of this traditional formula and its strengths in treating complex diseases.},
	url = {}