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Antidepressant-like effects of cinnamamide derivative M2 via D2 receptors in the mouse medial prefrontal cortex

  
@article{APS10659,
	author = {Yan-xin Che and Xiao-yan Jin and Rong-hua Xiao and Ming Zhang and Xiao-hui Ma and Fei Guo and Yang Li},
	title = {Antidepressant-like effects of cinnamamide derivative M2 via D 2  receptors in the mouse medial prefrontal cortex},
	journal = {Acta Pharmacologica Sinica},
	volume = {43},
	number = {9},
	year = {2022},
	keywords = {},
	abstract = {Major depressive disorder is a global mental illness associated with severe mortality and disability. The dopaminergic system is involved in both the etiology and therapeutics of depression. Distinct functions of dopamine D1 and D2 receptor subtypes have attracted considerable research interest, and their roles in the pathogenesis of depression and interaction with antidepressants need to be comprehensively elucidated. Herein, we investigated the antidepressant effects of a candidate antidepressant from a cinnamamide derivative, M2, and examined underlying neural mechanisms. We observed that a single dose of M2 (30 mg/kg, ip) produced rapid antidepressant-like effects in mice subjected to the forced swim and tail suspension tests. Using whole-cell recordings in mouse coronal brain slices, we found that application of M2 (10–150 μM) concentration-dependently increased the frequency of spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs) of the pyramidal neurons in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Furthermore, M2-induced enhancement of sEPSC frequency was abolished by sulpiride (10 μM), a dopamine D2 receptor antagonist, but not by the dopamine receptor D1 antagonist, SCH23390 (10 μM). In addition, M2 administration significantly increased expression levels of synaptogenesis-related proteins, including p-mTOR and p-TrkB, in the mPFC at 30 min, and increased postsynaptic protein PSD-95 at 24 h. Our results demonstrated that M2 produces rapid antidepressant actions through a novel mechanism via dopamine D2 receptor-mediated enhancement of mPFC neurotransmission.},
	issn = {1745-7254},	url = {http://www.chinaphar.com/article/view/10659}
}