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Extracellular vesicles in vascular remodeling

	author = {Chao Ye and Fen Zheng and Nan Wu and Guo-qing Zhu and Xiu-zhen Li},
	title = {Extracellular vesicles in vascular remodeling},
	journal = {Acta Pharmacologica Sinica},
	volume = {43},
	number = {9},
	year = {2022},
	keywords = {},
	abstract = {Vascular remodeling contributes to the development of a variety of vascular diseases including hypertension and atherosclerosis. Phenotypic transformation of vascular cells, oxidative stress, inflammation and vascular calcification are closely associated with vascular remodeling. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are naturally released from almost all types of cells and can be detected in nearly all body fluids including blood and urine. EVs affect vascular oxidative stress, inflammation, calcification, and lipid plaque formation; and thereby impact vascular remodeling in a variety of cardiovascular diseases. EVs may be used as biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis, and therapeutic strategies for vascular remodeling and cardiovascular diseases. This review includes a comprehensive analysis of the roles of EVs in the vascular remodeling in vascular diseases, and the prospects of EVs in the diagnosis and treatment of vascular diseases.},
	issn = {1745-7254},	url = {}