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Alflutinib (AST2818), primarily metabolized by CYP3A4, is a potent CYP3A4 inducer

	author = {Xiao-yun Liu and Zi-tao Guo and Zhen-dong Chen and Yi-fan Zhang and Jia-lan Zhou and Yong Jiang and Qian-yu Zhao and Xing-xing Diao and Da-fang Zhong},
	title = {Alflutinib (AST2818), primarily metabolized by CYP3A4, is a potent CYP3A4 inducer},
	journal = {Acta Pharmacologica Sinica},
	volume = {41},
	number = {10},
	year = {2020},
	keywords = {},
	abstract = {Alflutinib (AST2818) is a third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor that inhibits both EGFR-sensitive mutations and T790M mutations. Previous study has shown that after multiple dosages, alflutinib exhibits nonlinear pharmacokinetics and displays a time- and dose-dependent increase in the apparent clearance, probably due to its self-induction of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme. In this study, we investigated the CYP isozymes involved in the metabolism of alflutinib and evaluated the enzyme inhibition and induction potential of alflutinib and its metabolites. The data showed that alflutinib in human liver microsomes (HLMs) was metabolized mainly by CYP3A4, which could catalyze the formation of AST5902. Alflutinib did not inhibit CYP isozymes in HLMs but could induce CYP3A4 in human hepatocytes. Rifampin is a known strong CYP3A4 inducer and is recommended by the FDA as a positive control in the CYP3A4 induction assay. We found that the induction potential of alflutinib was comparable to that of rifampin. The Emax of CYP3A4 induction by alflutinib in three lots of human hepatocytes were 9.24-, 11.2-, and 10.4-fold, while the fold-induction of rifampin (10 μM) were 7.22-, 19.4- and 9.46-fold, respectively. The EC50 of alflutinib- induced CYP3A4 mRNA expression was 0.25 μM, which was similar to that of rifampin. In addition, AST5902 exhibited much weak CYP3A4 induction potential compared to alflutinib. Given the plasma exposure of alflutinib and AST5902, both are likely to affect the pharmacokinetics of CYP3A4 substrates. Considering that alflutinib is a CYP3A4 substrate and a potent CYP3A4 inducer, drug–drug interactions are expected during alflutinib treatment.},
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