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LW-213, a newly synthesized flavonoid, induces G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis in chronic myeloid leukemia

	author = {Xiao Liu and Po Hu and Hui Li and Xiao-xuan Yu and Xiang-yuan Wang and Ying-jie Qing and Zhan-yu Wang and Hong-zheng Wang and Meng-yuan Zhu and Qing-long Guo and Hui Hui},
	title = {LW-213, a newly synthesized flavonoid, induces G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis in chronic myeloid leukemia},
	journal = {Acta Pharmacologica Sinica},
	volume = {41},
	number = {2},
	year = {2020},
	keywords = {},
	abstract = {Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a clonal hematopoietic stem cell neoplasm characterized by an uncontrolled proliferation of moderately and well differentiated cells of the granulocytic lineage. LW-213, a newly synthesized flavonoid compound, was found to exert antitumor effects against breast cancer through inducing G2/M phase arrest. We investigated whether LW-213 exerted anti-CML effects and the underlying mechanisms. We showed that LW-213 inhibited the growth of human CML cell lines K562 and imatinid-resistant K562 (K562r) in dose- and time-dependent manners with IC50 values at the low μmol/L levels. LW-213 (5, 10, 15 μM) caused G2/M phase arrest of K562 and K562r cells via reducing the activity of G2/M phase transition-related proteins Cyclin B1/CDC2 complex. LW-213 treatment induced apoptosis of K562 and K562r cells via inhibiting the expression of CDK9 through lysosome degradation, thus leading to the suppression of RNAPII phosphorylation, down-regulation of a short-lived anti-apoptic protein MCL-1. The lysosome inhibitor, NH4Cl, could reverse the anti-CML effects of LW-213 including CDK9 degradation and apoptosis. LW-213 treatment also degraded the downstream proteins of BCR-ABL1, such as oncoproteins AKT, STAT3/5 in CML cells, which was blocked by NH4Cl. In primary CML cells and CD34+ stem cells, LW-213 maintained its pro-apoptotic activity. In a K562 cells-bearing mice model, administration of LW-213 (2.5, 5.0 mg/kg, ip, every other day for 4 weeks) dose-dependently prolonged the survival duration, and significantly suppressed huCD45+ cell infiltration and expression of MCL-1 in spleens. Taken together, our results demonstrate that LW-213 may be an efficient agent for CML treatment.},
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