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Icariside II inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation and amyloid production in rat astrocytes by regulating IKK/IκB/NF-κB/BACE1 signaling pathway

  
@article{APS10084,
	author = {Yong Zheng and Yan Deng and Jian-mei Gao and Chun Lv and Ling-hu Lang and Jing-shan Shi and Chang-yin Yu and Qi-hai Gong},
	title = {Icariside II inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation and amyloid production in rat astrocytes by regulating IKK/IκB/NF-κB/BACE1 signaling pathway},
	journal = {Acta Pharmacologica Sinica},
	volume = {41},
	number = {2},
	year = {2020},
	keywords = {},
	abstract = {section__title u-h2 js-section-title js-c-reading-companion-sections-item\" id=\"Abs1\">Abstractβ-amyloid (Aβ) is one of the inducing factors of astrocytes activation and neuroinflammation, and it is also a crucial factor for the development of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Icariside II (ICS II) is an active component isolated from a traditional Chinese herb Epimedium, which has shown to attnuate lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced neuroinflammation through regulation of NF-κB signaling pathway. In this study we investigated the effects of ICS II on LPS-induced astrocytes activation and Aβ accumulation. Primary rat astrocytes were pretreated with ICS II (5, 10, and 20 μM) or dexamethasone (DXMS, 1 μM) for 1 h, thereafter, treated with LPS for another 24 h. We found that ICS II pretreatment dose dependently mitigated the levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in the astrocytes. Moreover, ICS II not only exerted the inhibitory effect on LPS-induced IκB-α degradation and NF-κB activation, but also decreased the levels of Aβ1–40, Aβ1–42, amyloid precursor protein (APP) and beta secretase 1 (BACE1) in the astrocytes. Interestingly, molecular docking revealed that ICS II might directly bind to BACE1. It is concluded that ICS II has potential value as a new therapeutic agent to treat neuroinflammation-related diseases, such as AD},
	url = {http://www.chinaphar.com/article/view/10084}
}