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Predicted secreted protein analysis reveals synaptogenic function of Clstn3 during WAT browning and BAT activation in mice

  
@article{APS10003,
	author = {Shu-qin Chen and Qiang Niu and Li-ping Ju and Miriayi Alimujiang and Han Yan and Ning-ning Bai and Jun Xu and Qi-chen Fang and Jun-feng Han and Ying Yang and Wei-ping Jia},
	title = {Predicted secreted protein analysis reveals synaptogenic function of Clstn3 during WAT browning and BAT activation in mice},
	journal = {Acta Pharmacologica Sinica},
	volume = {40},
	number = {8},
	year = {2019},
	keywords = {},
	abstract = {Promoting white adipose tissue (WAT) browning and enhancing brown adipose tissue (BAT) activity are attractive therapeutic strategies for obesity and its metabolic complications. Targeting sympathetic innervation in WAT and BAT represents a promising therapeutic concept. However, there are few reports on extracellular microenvironment remodeling, especially changes in nerve terminal connections. Identifying the key molecules mediating the neuro-adipose synaptic junctions is a key point. In this study, we used bioinformatics methods to identify the differentially expressed predicted secreted genes (DEPSGs) during WAT browning and BAT activation. These DEPSGs largely reflect changes of cytokines, extracellular matrix remodeling, vascularization, and adipocyte-neuronal cross-talk. We then performed functional enrichment and cellular distribution specificity analyses. The upregulated and downregulated DEPDGs during WAT browning displayed a distinctive biological pattern and cellular distribution. We listed a cluster of adipocyte-enriched DEPSGs, which might participate in the cross-talk between mature adipocytes and other cells; then identified a synaptogenic adhesion molecule, Clstn3, as the top gene expressed enriched in both mature white and brown adipocytes. Using Q-PCR and immunohistochemistry, we found significantly increased Clstn3 expression level during WAT browning and BAT activation in mice subjected to cold exposure (4 °C). We further demonstrated that treatment with isoproterenol significantly increased Clstn3 and UCP1 expression in differentiated white and beige adipocytes in vitro. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that the secretion pattern was somewhat different between WAT browning and BAT activation. We reveal that Clstn3 may be a key gene mediating the neuro-adipose junction formation or remodeling in WAT browning and BAT activation process.},
	url = {http://www.chinaphar.com/article/view/10003}
}